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Becoming a surgeon is a long and difficult task, not only because the education is so extensive, but also because there are so many disciplines of surgery that you may want to enter. I’ve mentioned a few different types of surgeons in two previous blogs, but, again, there are still so many that I haven’t covered. I figured I would discuss a few other specialties.


Thoracic Surgeon

Do you have any kind of pain or discomfort in your chest? Then you may need to visit a thoracic surgeon. If you haven’t guessed by now, thoracic surgeons specifically deal with maladies or injuries pertaining to the chest. Thoracic surgeons are more than capable of providing surgical care for coronary artery disease, lung, esophagus and chest wall cancer and diseases of the diaphragm, among other things. Thoracic surgeons are also trained in assisting in managing the airways and general chest injuries.


Colon and Rectal Surgeon

Colon and rectal surgeons are highly trained in being able to diagnose and treat a variety of illnesses. More specifically, colon and rectal surgeons can treat diseases or maladies involving the intestinal tract, colon, rectum, anal canal, perianal area. However, due to the complicated nature of human intestines, colon and rectal surgeons are also able to treat a variety of other areas, such as the liver and female reproductive systems. Due to their extensive knowledge of intestinal physiology, colon and rectal surgeons can diagnose a variety of maladies, such as constipation and incontinence.


Ophthalmic Surgeon

Ophthalmic surgeons deal specifically with the eyes and vision. Ophthalmologists are medically trained to deal with any and all issues concerning the eyes, and they can provide glasses and contacts, treat disorders of the eye and can, unsurprisingly, perform surgery when need be.

The world of surgery is diverse and complicated, but so is the human body. There are too many “moving parts” to the human body (no pun intended) for any surgeon to be an absolute expert. That is why surgeons have specialties. And surgeons around the world work day and night to ensure that their patients are taken care of. While I’ve covered several different specialities in this series, there are still more to be discussed.